Brain injury: everything you need to know from symptoms to prevention


Traumatic brain injury can lead to higher morbidity and mortality rates. They can also cause permanent damage with disabilities. Therefore, there is an urgent need to identify them at the right time and improve the quality of life, said Dr Tushau Prasad, emergency medicine consultant, Wockhardt Hospital, Mira Road.

Here’s everything you need to know about brain damage. Don’t take any symptoms lightly, the expert stressed.

Traumatic brain injury can be the result of a severe blow or jerk to the head or body. We can also meet him because of a fall. Falling from a bed, ladder and stairs can also induce it, mainly in the elderly and children. Other factors include traffic accidents such as collisions involving cars, motorcycles or bicycles, violence, sports injuries due to boxing, soccer, baseball, lacrosse, skateboarding , hockey and other high impact or extreme sports, and exclusive explosions.

Mild traumatic brain injury can affect brain cells temporarily (Source: Getty Images / Thinkstock)

“A mild traumatic brain injury can affect brain cells temporarily. But, a serious injury can lead to bruising, tearing of tissue, bleeding and brain damage ultimately leading to death, ”said Dr Prasad.


One can exhibit a wide range of physical and psychological signs on an immediate basis or even after a few weeks.

Some of the physical symptoms include noticeable headaches, speech problems, inability to balance, walk, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and even fatigue. Sensory symptoms include blurred vision, ringing in the ears, and sensitivity to light. Cognitive, psychological and behavioral symptoms such as confusion, brain fog, disorientation, loss of consciousness, slurred speech, restlessness, mood swings, depression, anxiety, memory loss, difficulty sleeping, swelling of the brain, convulsions or convulsions, loss of coordination and weakness or numbness of the fingers and toes may also be felt.

“You should see a doctor immediately when you notice these symptoms after a traumatic injury. Delaying treatment is dangerous for the patient, ”said Dr Prasad.


A person loses consciousness and goes into a coma. This can damage their brain and the person will go into a vegetative state. “During this stage, he / she will not be aware of the surroundings, although the person opens their eyes but may not understand what is going on. Not only that, traumatic injury can also cause brain death. Other problems such as altered smell and taste, loss of vision, facial paralysis and even double vision can be seen in these patients, ”said Dr Prasad.

How to overcome a traumatic brain injury

A person suffering from a head trauma will need rehabilitation. According to Dr. Prasad, an occupational therapist can help learn and improve daily activities while a physiotherapist will work on mobility and movement patterns, balance and walking. A speech-language pathologist will guide you in improving communication skills while a neuropsychologist will help you cope with cognitive impairments, behavioral problems or learn coping strategies.

Tips for preventing traumatic brain injury

* Wear a seat belt when driving a car to avoid accidents and brain damage.
* Avoid driving under the influence of alcohol.
* Use a helmet when riding a motorcycle or bicycle.
*To avoid accidental falls by installing handrails in bathrooms.
* Remove rugs that can cause falls and injuries.
* Use handrails on both sides of the stairs.
* Improve lighting in the house.
* Keep stairs and floors clear of clutter.
* Go for regular eye exams.
* Avoid wet and slippery floors.

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