Does increased blood sugar level affect the eyes?
Blurry vision is one of the most common symptoms of diabetes. People with diabetes usually complain that they cannot see the smallest details of an object. But, unfortunately, they often ignore these symptoms, assuming they are age-related complications. “However, sometimes ignoring these signs can lead to blindness,” said Dr Mallikarjuna Vj, MBBS, MD, DM, assistant professor in the Ssims & RC Department of Endocrinology, Sadhana Clinic, Davanagere.
“Vision complications in people with diabetes are common because uncontrolled blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels supplying light-sensitive tissue in the retina at the back of the eye.” . It is therefore crucial for diabetics to control their blood sugar, ”he told indianexpress.com.
What is a diabetic eye?
Diabetic eye is a term given to a group of eye conditions that commonly affect people with diabetes. Most often, people with diabetes develop diabetic retinopathy. The other conditions that make up the diabetic eye are diabetic macular edema, cataracts, and glaucoma.
“Over time, uncontrolled blood sugar can cause irreversible damage to your eyes,” said the expert sharing the early signs of diabetic eye:
* Blurred vision
* Difficulty perceiving colors
* Dark strings or spots floating in the vision
* Difficulty seeing at night
* But, by taking the necessary precautions, one can prevent developing diabetic eye disease or prevent it from getting worse, ”said Dr Mallikarjuna.
How can we manage diabetic eye conditions?
Diabetic eyes can be managed by controlling their blood sugar. People with diabetes need to regularly monitor their blood sugar and make sure their blood sugar is being managed. In addition to blood sugar management, people with diabetes should undergo regular screening by an ophthalmologist or ophthalmologist to have access to any eye complications.
How to prevent eye complications from diabetes?
The development of diabetic eye complications can be prevented by incorporating the following lifestyle changes:
* Keep your blood sugar under control.
* Avoid smoking tobacco.
* Regular exercise.
* Get a thorough eye exam at least once a year.
* Add leafy green vegetables and high fiber foods to your diet
“By ensuring regular eye exams and consistent management of diabetes, people can avoid eye problems and their complications,” he said.